Scorpion SA-680 Black Widow 10-80m Antenna

I’ve been a licensed ham radio operator since 1995. I had a long weekend commute from 2006-2009. So, surfing the HF bands was a great way to help the drive pass. I was using a Yaesu ATAS-120A. Performance-wise, it can be described as “adequate,” but  not great. With my Yaesu FT-857D, tuning the ATAS was as simple as pressing a “TUNE” button… or what could be called an “EASY” button.  😉  I made some distant contacts with that antenna, even toward the bottom of the solar cycle. I took a break from HF when I was stationed closer to home; my interest in ham radio comes and goes. Eventually, I decided I wanted a better antenna. Some say the Scorpion SA-680 is the best mobile HF antenna money can buy. I decided to find out.

The Scorpion SA-680 comes standard in stainless steel. I paid extra for the “Black Widow,” which is powder coated in gloss back. Each antenna is made to order. So, I paid and waited. I got my antenna in about six weeks. It was packaged in a manner that would allow it to endure almost anything… VERY impressive. I ordered a capacity hat, too, which came in its own PVC pipe packaging. My setup is for part-time use. So, I want everything to be easily removed when not in use. I had originally planned to mount my Scorpion on a roof rack. Setting up the rack isn’t necessarily fast, but it is easy enough to call “temporary.” Mounted on the roof rack, the SA-680 is obnoxiously tall, but still within the highway-legal limit of less than 13’6″ with the cap hat mounted (the whip would exceed max height allowances). However, I was unable to tune all of the bands. In particular, 20m wasn’t even close to tuning. The match was terrible. That was most likely due to a lack of sufficient bonding between the rack and the body of the car. I tried straps to threaded points in the door jambs (see photos below), but I was unwilling to remove as much paint as needed to make it work.

I’m a Volkswagen enthusiast first, ham radio ranks further down my list of passions. Therefore, I abandoned roof rack mounting and moved to the hitch. The hitch is probably the least efficient place to mount an HF antenna. But it seems to be my best option, given my desire to use the antenna as a part-time accessory. The hitch is far more convenient than the roof rack as a “temporary” mounting point. If you have a hitch, then you know that installing a ball mount is super-easy. My ball mounts are hollow and have internal threaded anti-rattle devices. Rather than a pin, I secure my mounts with a 1/2-inch bolt, capped with lock washers and a nut. It’s VERY sturdy and nearly impossible to wiggle loose with me noticing. Given the double-nut and two-inch bolt, I don’t think I can drive long enough between rest stops for the bolt to work its way out of the antenna mount.  😉

Bonding the antenna could have been a challenge, or so I thought. Bonding straps are best kept short. However, there is no short path from the ball mount to the body of the car. There’s a lot of plastic back there. I decided to use the hitch itself as a bonding point. It’s fastened to the body at nine points, seven of which are at the factory impact bar locations. Electrically, the hitch is certainly grounded… but would it make a good RF ground? The answer turned out to be YES. I concluded this by connecting a bonding strap to the hitch and then comparing SWR readings with an without additional (and longer) bonding straps to body points farther under the car. The additional straps made no difference; so, I removed them. I also bonded the doors, hood, and exhaust system. See photos below.

For my first test, I compared results during a local 10m net that I’ve joined. Net control is ~15 miles away from my usual operating position. Ten meters is nearly “dead” for the time being. So, all comms were via ground waves. Using my ATAS-120A, I could just barely hear net control; he was a weak signal that was buried in the noise. He could barely hear me, as well. I told him via e-mail that I had never used 10m before and was surprised by all of the noise. He said that it’s normal. A few weeks later, I went back to the same spot with my Scorpion. The first thing I noticed was a substantially-reduced noise floor. I’m told that’s because of the high “Q-factor” of the antenna. I could hear net control very well. I didn’t have an S-meter reading, but he was very clear… easily a 5×5. He said I sounded much better, too. I think he gave me a 5×5 signal report.

Field Day was the next weekend. I’m not a contester. Still, I figured it would be a good time to make some distant contacts. I operated for just an hour from a small peninsula in southeast Virginia and managed to make seven HF contacts. Six were on 20m, with the farthest being ~1000 miles away in Texas. I made a contact to North Carolina on 80m, which is a new band for me. Later, I decided to try my luck at getting a signal over to Europe. Traditionally, that had been easier in the mornings when the sun was still east of me. But it hasn’t happened yet. Could the current state of the sun cycle be a factor? I will keep trying and update this paragraph when I find success.

All said, I think the Scorpion is a great purchase. Sure, I’m probably not maximizing its effectiveness the way I have it mounted. But it is a definite improvement over the ATAS-120A it replaces. Better yet, it will accept full legal power, which is 1500 watts for my non-ham visitors. That kind of power would be nuts in a mobile platform and probably would cause a lot of interference in the car. But adding a 500-watt amp isn’t out of the question. Maybe I’ll do that someday. Regardless, I’m very pleased to have an HF antenna that’s easy to install and remove. It gives me good performance on the HF bands while allowing me to return my car to its pretty-self in just five minutes. See more info and an install demonstration in this video.

Presto Chango,

Scott

About Scott

I grew up near Houston, TX and served in the U. S. Coast Guard for over 30 years. I have an electronics background and continue to work in the electronics engineering field. I taught myself the basics about automotive systems as well as how to perform some of my own maintenance (cars and bicycles). I became involved with Amateur Radio and computers in 1995. The explosion of technology has made my job and several of my hobbies quite interesting. My hobbies include Volkswagens, bicycling, photography, electronics, amateur radio, web management, and reptiles. Visit my websites to learn more.
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